WebMD explains the stages of cancer -- what they mean and how they impact your treatment and chances for recovery. Stages of Cancer. Approved by the saudemed.xyz Editorial Board, 03/ Staging helps describe where a cancer is located, if or where it has spread, and. Staging is a way of describing the size of a cancer and whether it has spread into nearby lymph nodes or to other parts of the body.
Cancer Stages of
Here I will leave you with a lighter thought. There is a distinct difference between God and a doctor, and that is that God knows he is not a doctor. The cancer is less than 2 centimeters in size about 1 inch , and has not spread to lymph nodes in the area lymph nodes are small almond shaped structures that are found throughout the body which produce and store infection-fighting cells. The cancer is more than 2 centimeters in size, but less than 4 centimeters less than 2 inches , and has not spread to lymph nodes in the area.
Either of the following may be true: The cancer is more than 4 centimeters in size. The cancer is any size but has spread to only one lymph node on the same side of the neck as the cancer. The lymph node that contains cancer measures no more than 3 centimeters just over one inch.
Any of the following may be true: The cancer has spread to tissues around the lip and oral cavity. The lymph nodes in the area may or may not contain cancer. The cancer is any size and has spread to more than one lymph node on the same side of the neck as the cancer, to lymph nodes on one or both sides of the neck, or to any lymph node that measures more than 6 centimeters over 2 inches. The cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Recurrent disease means that the cancer has come back recurred after it has been treated. It may come back in the lip and oral cavity or in another part of the body.
Another method of staging oral carcinomas is referred to as the TNM method. In this method T describes the tumor, N describes the lymph nodes, and M describes distant metastasis. T3 Tumor more than 4 cm in greatest dimension. Lip Tumor invades adjacent structures e. T4 Oral cavity Tumor invades adjacent structures e.
N1 Metastasis in a single ipsilateral lymph node, 3 cm or less in greatest dimension. N2 Metastasis in a single ipsilateral lymph node, more than 3 cm but not more than 6 cm in greatest dimension; in multiple ipsilateral lymph nodes, none more than 6 cm in greatest dimension; in bilateral or contralateral lymph nodes, none more than 6 cm in greatest dimension.
N2a Metastasis in single ipsilateral lymph node more than 3 cm but not more than 6 cm in greatest dimension. N2b Metastasis in multiple ipsilateral lymph nodes, none more than 6 cm in greatest dimension. N2c Metastasis in bilateral or contralateral lymph nodes, none more than 6 cm in greatest dimension. For example a patient described as a T2N1M0 , has a primary tumor of between 2 and 4 cm, that has metastasized to a single node on one side, and that node is less than 3cm in size, and there are no distant metastases present.
These tumors are quite rare and are usually considered low-grade cancers, with approximately 70 percent presenting as Stage I disease cancer is limited to one or both ovaries. Granulosa cell tumors GCTs are considered stromal tumors and include those composed of granulosa cells, theca cells, and fibroblasts.
GCTs account for approximately 2 percent of all ovarian tumors. The removal of one's ovaries eliminates the risk for ovarian cancer, but not the risk for a less common cancer called Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma. Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma is closely related to epithelial ovarian cancer, which is the most common type.
It develops in cells from the peritoneum abdominal lining and looks the same under a microscope. It is similar in symptoms, spread, and treatment. Once diagnosed with ovarian cancer, the stage of a tumor can be determined during surgery, when the doctor can tell if the cancer has spread outside the ovaries. The treatment plan and prognosis the probable course and outcome of the disease will be determined by the stage of the cancer. Tumor grade is not the same as the cancer stage.
Grade G , describes how healthy the cancer cells look when viewed under a microscope. The doctor compares the cancerous tissue with healthy tissue. Healthy tissue is made up of many types of cells grouped together.
If the cancer looks like the healthy tissue with different cell groupings, it is called differentiated or a low-grade tumor. If the tissue looks very different, it is called poorly differentiated or a high-grade tumor.
It also helps determine a treatment plan decision. The mission of the NOCC is to save lives by fighting tirelessly to prevent and cure ovarian cancer, and to improve the quality of life for survivors. Am I at Risk? This stage is divided into three groups: The difference is determined by the size of the tumor and whether cancer has spread to the lymph nodes and surrounding tissue.
No actual tumor is associated with the cancerous cells or the tumor may be any size, AND the nearby lymph nodes 4 or more nodes with as many as 9 affected contain cancer. The tumor is larger than the approximate size of a small lime more than 5 centimeters , AND small clusters of breast cancer cells are found in the lymph nodes between the approximate size of a pinprick and the width of a grain of rice.
The tumor is larger than the approximate size of a small lime over 5 centimeters , AND the cancer has spread to 1, 2, or 3 lymph nodes under the arm or near the breastbone.
The tumor may be any size, AND cancer has invaded the chest wall or breast skin with evidence of swelling, inflammation, or ulcers such as with cases like inflammatory breast cancer. The breast cancer may also have invaded up to 9 nearby lymph nodes. You have to have someone to lean on, and they'll help you get through. On September 11, , she was diagnosed with Stage 3 breast cancer. With a difficult treatment regiment ahead, including chemotherapy, she realized that she could not face breast cancer alone.
Types & Stages of Ovarian Cancer
Doctors use stages of cancer to describe the severity of a cancer diagnosis. Discover what the stages mean and strategies to use at each stage. The different stages of cancer describe how far the cancer has grown and spread at the time of diagnosis. Stages are used to describe the. The stage of a cancer describes the size of a tumour and how far it has spread from where it originated. The grade describes the appearance of the cancerous.