Food and exercise aren't the only things that can raise your blood sugar. Learn about the effect of non-diabetes medicines. Corticosteroids used in inhalers or skin creams aren't likely to affect blood glucose because they don't enter the blood stream in great enough. Knowing the drugs that can affect blood glucose levels is essential in properly caring for your diabetes patients. Some medicines raise blood.
Affect Blood Sugar Levels That Drugs
You may need to monitor your blood glucose more closely if you take one of the medicines listed below. For instance, many people with type 2 diabetes need to take a diuretic and a statin to lower blood pressure and cholesterol. In these and many other cases, the pros will almost always outweigh the cons. Discuss any concerns you have with your healthcare provider.
Of all the different antibiotics, the ones known as quinolones are the only ones that may affect blood glucose. They are prescribed for certain types of infection. These medicines are used for a variety of mental health conditions. There is a strong association between these medicines and elevated blood sugar, and frequent monitoring is recommended. Beta blockers are used to treat high blood pressure and certain heart conditions.
Not all available beta blockers have been shown to cause high blood sugar. Corticosteroids are used to treat conditions where there is inflammation, such as arthritis and bone and joint injuries. Corticosteroids, also known as steroids, are strongly associated with elevated blood sugar, and frequent monitoring is recommended.
Inhaled steroids, and those applied to the skin, are not likely to affect blood sugar. Diuretics are used to reduce excess fluid in the body, and to treat high blood pressure.
Many people with type 2 diabetes take one of these drugs. In lower doses, they are less likely to affect blood sugar. Statins lower cholesterol levels, and are recommended for most people with type 2 diabetes to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke. The benefits of heart attack and stroke prevention far outweigh the risk of elevating blood sugar. Niacin is used to lower triglycerides and cholesterol.
Metformin Glucophage, Glumetza, others. Generally, metformin is the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It works by lowering glucose production in the liver and improving your body's sensitivity to insulin so that your body uses insulin more effectively. Nausea and diarrhea are possible side effects of metformin. These side effects may go away as your body gets used to the medicine or if you take the medicine with a meal.
If metformin and lifestyles changes aren't enough to control your blood sugar level, other oral or injected medications can be added. These injectable medications slow digestion and help lower blood sugar levels. Their use is often associated with weight loss. Possible side effects include nausea and an increased risk of pancreatitis.
Recent research has shown that liraglutide and semaglutide may reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke in people at high risk of those conditions. These drugs prevent the kidneys from reabsorbing sugar into the blood. Instead, the sugar is excreted in the urine. Examples include canagliflozin Invokana , dapagliflozin Farxiga and empagliflozin Jardiance. Medications in this drug class may reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke in people with a high risk of those conditions.
Side effects may include vaginal yeast infections, urinary tract infections, low blood pressure, and a higher risk of diabetic ketoacidosis.
Canagliflozin, but not the other drugs in the class, has been associated with increased risk of lower limb amputation. Some people who have type 2 diabetes need insulin therapy. In the past, insulin therapy was used as a last resort, but today it's often prescribed sooner because of its benefits.
Low blood sugar hypoglycemia is a possible side effect of insulin. Normal digestion interferes with insulin taken by mouth, so insulin must be injected. Depending on your needs, your doctor may prescribe a mixture of insulin types to use throughout the day and night. There are many types of insulin, and they each work in a different way. Often, people with type 2 diabetes start using insulin with one long-acting shot at night, such as insulin glargine Lantus or insulin detemir Levemir.
Discuss the pros and cons of different drugs with your doctor. Together you can decide which medication is best for you after considering many factors, including costs and other aspects of your health. In addition to diabetes medications, your doctor might prescribe low-dose aspirin therapy as well as blood pressure and cholesterol-lowering medications to help prevent heart and blood vessel disease.
If you have type 2 diabetes and your body mass index BMI is greater than 35, you may be a candidate for weight-loss surgery bariatric surgery. Dramatic improvements in blood sugar levels are often seen in people with type 2 diabetes after bariatric surgery, depending on the procedure performed.
Surgeries that bypass a portion of the small intestine have more of an effect on blood sugar levels than do other weight-loss surgeries. Surgery drawbacks include its high cost and risks, including a small risk of death. It also requires drastic lifestyle changes. Long-term complications may include nutritional deficiencies and osteoporosis.
Women with type 2 diabetes may need to alter their treatment during pregnancy. Many women will require insulin therapy during pregnancy. Cholesterol-lowering medications, aspirin and some blood pressure drugs can't be used during pregnancy.
If you have diabetic retinopathy, it may worsen during pregnancy. Visit your ophthalmologist during the first trimester of your pregnancy and at one year postpartum. Because so many factors can affect your blood sugar, problems sometimes arise that require immediate care, such as:. Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome HHNS.
Your blood sugar meter may not provide an accurate reading at this level or it may just read "high. HHNS is caused by sky-high blood sugar that turns blood thick and syrupy.
It tends to be more common in older people with type 2 diabetes, and it's often preceded by an illness or infection. Call your doctor or seek immediate medical care if you have signs or symptoms of this condition. Increased ketones in your urine diabetic ketoacidosis.
If your cells are starved for energy, your body may begin to break down fat. This produces toxic acids known as ketones, which occur more commonly in people with type 1 diabetes. Watch for thirst or a very dry mouth, frequent urination, vomiting, shortness of breath, fatigue and fruity-smelling breath, and if you notice these signs and symptoms, consult your doctor right away or seek emergency care.
Low blood sugar hypoglycemia. If your blood sugar level drops below your target range, it's known as low blood sugar hypoglycemia. Your blood sugar level can drop for many reasons, including skipping a meal, unintentionally taking more medication than usual or getting more physical activity than normal. Watch for signs and symptoms of low blood sugar — sweating, shakiness, weakness, hunger, irritability, dizziness, headache, blurred vision, heart palpitations, slurred speech, drowsiness and confusion.
If you have signs or symptoms of low blood sugar, drink or eat something that will quickly raise your blood sugar level — fruit juice, glucose tablets, hard candy, regular not diet soda or another source of sugar.
Retest your blood in 15 minutes to be sure your blood glucose levels have normalized. If they haven't, treat again and retest in another 15 minutes. If you lose consciousness, a family member or close contact may need to give you an emergency injection of glucagon, a hormone that stimulates the release of sugar into the blood. Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease.
Careful management of type 2 diabetes can reduce your risk of serious — even life-threatening — complications. Keep your vaccinations up to date. High blood sugar can weaken your immune system. Get a flu shot every year. Your doctor will likely also recommend the pneumonia vaccine.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC also recommends the hepatitis B vaccination if you haven't previously received this vaccine and you're an adult between ages 19 and 59 with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The CDC advises vaccination as soon as possible after diagnosis with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. If you are age 60 or older, have diabetes and haven't previously received the vaccine, talk to your doctor about whether it's right for you.
If you drink alcohol, do so responsibly. Alcohol, as well as drink mixers, can cause either high or low blood sugar, depending on how much you drink and if you eat at the same time. If you choose to drink, do so in moderation and always with a meal. The recommendation is no more than one drink daily for women, no more than two drinks daily for men age 65 and younger, and one drink a day for men over If you're on insulin or other medications that lower your blood sugar, check your blood sugar before you go to sleep to make sure you're at a safe level.
Numerous alternative medicine treatments claim to help people with diabetes. Studies haven't provided enough evidence to recommend any alternative therapies for blood sugar management. If you decide to try an alternative therapy, don't stop taking the medications that your doctor has prescribed. Be sure to discuss the use of any of these therapies with your doctor to make sure that they won't cause adverse reactions or interact with your medications.
No treatments — alternative or conventional — can cure diabetes. So it's critical that people who are using insulin therapy for diabetes don't stop using insulin unless directed to do so by their physicians. Type 2 diabetes is a serious disease, and following your diabetes treatment plan takes round-the-clock commitment. But your efforts are worthwhile because following your treatment plan can reduce your risk of complications. Anxiety and depression are more common in people who have diabetes.
Talking to a counselor or therapist may help you cope with the lifestyle changes that come with a type 2 diabetes diagnosis. You may find encouragement and understanding in a type 2 diabetes support group. Although support groups aren't for everyone, they can be good sources of information.
Group members often know about the latest treatments and tend to share their own experiences or helpful information, such as where to find carbohydrate counts for your favorite takeout restaurant. If you're interested, your doctor may be able to recommend a group in your area. Or, you can visit the American Diabetes Association website to check out local activities and support groups for people with type 2 diabetes.
The American Diabetes Association also offers online information and online forums where you can chat with others who have diabetes.
Your primary care doctor will probably diagnose your type 2 diabetes. He or she may continue to treat your diabetes or may refer you to a doctor who specializes in hormonal disorders endocrinologist. Your health care team also may include these specialists:.
If your blood sugar levels are very high, your doctor may send you to the hospital for treatment. Whenever you can, it's a good idea to prepare for appointments with your health care team.
Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar)
Non-Diabetes Drugs and Supplements That Affect Glucose Levels other non- diabetes-related medications can affect your blood sugar, too?. When your blood glucose is trending high, you may run through a list of questions: What have I been eating over the past few weeks? Is something causing me. Drug-induced low blood sugar is low blood glucose that results from taking All of the following can cause blood sugar (glucose) level to drop.